The region came under control of the crowns of Spain and Portugal, which imposed both Roman Catholicism and their respective languages.
There are four codices known to exist today; these are the Dresden Codex, Paris Codex, Madrid Codex, and HI Codex.
The Spanish Crown regulated immigration to its overseas colonies, with travelers required to register with the House of Trade in Seville.
The actual term "Latin America" was coined in France under Napoleon III and played a role in his campaign to imply cultural kinship with France, transform France into a cultural and political leader of the area and install Maximilian as emperor of Mexico.
In the mid-twentieth century, especially in the United States, there was a trend to occasionally classify all of the territory south of the United States as "Latin America," especially when the discussion focused on its contemporary political and economic relations to the rest of the world, rather than solely on its cultural aspects.
Precise dating of many of the early civilizations is difficult because there are few text sources.
However, highly developed civilizations flourished at various times and places, such as in the Andes and Mesoamerica.
Political independence from European monarchies did not result in the abolition of black slavery in the new sovereign nations.
Political independence resulted in political and economic instability in Spanish America immediately after independence.
The Spanish even went as far as burning the Maya Codices (like books).